Carmignano Wine

Carmignano is one of the lesser-known DOCG wines made in the famous Tuscany wine region of central Italy. The wine's origins can be traced back as far as the 14th Century, when, in 1369, a document was drawn up demonstrating that Carmignano was four times as expensive as any other wine of the time. In the early 1700s the Grand Duke Cosimo III de' Medici established the area of Carmignano as a nursery for grape varieties, which included the planting of internationally renowned Cabernet Sauvignon imported from France. He also issued a decree controlling the wine's production standards and sales, enforced by the Congregazione di Vigilanza.

Carmignano, the village from which the DOCG takes its name, lies 20km west of Firenze , on the eastern slopes of Monte Albano. It was one of Italy's earliest regulated wine names, long before the country's DOC/G system was introduced in the late 1960s. Despite this historical precedent, Carmignano wines were absorbed into the Chianti title (which was more prestigious at that time) and sold as Chianti Montalbano. It was not until 1975, after much campaigning and determined action by several Carmignano vignerons, that Carmignano was granted its own independent DOC. The efforts were doubly repaid in 1990 when the title was promoted to full DOCG status.

Carmignano wines are dry reds based on a standard modern Tuscan blend of Sangiovese (at least 50% of the final blend), Canaiolo Nero (up to 20%), Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc (10–20% each). The wine is similar in style to its more famous cousin (and neighbor) Chianti, which may now also be made using a portion of Cabernet Sauvignon.

Carmignano wines are produced from vineyards in and around the villages of Poggio a Caiano and Carmignano. The terroir here is ideal for quality viticulture, and particularly for Sangiovese thanks to its lime-rich, free-draining soils, hot days and cool nights. The delimited Carmignano viticultural area also produces Barco Reale di Carmignano, a more youthful version of the robust red Carmignano.